The education system in Afghanistan has severely been affected by decades of conflict. Afghanistan is among the lowest literacy rates in the world and enormous challenges facing the education sector, which impact greatly on its broader development objectives. The Taliban regime denied women and girls the human right to education for over five years, in the vast majority of the country. there was a shortage of trained teachers and educated people after years of war, and poverty was endemic. However, educational attainment and participation rates across Afghanistan remain severely depressed. The estimated adult literacy rate of the country as of 2015 is 38%. The survival rate to the last grade of primary (grade 6) was 58 % (60 % boys, 54 % girls) in 2013 suggesting that 4 out of 10 pupils who enroll in grade 1 do not reach grade 6 of primary education. Afghanistan is characterized by a severe shortage of teachers evidenced by its high Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) which was 45:1 in 2013. The shortage of teachers is combined with an incoherent distribution by province as reflected in provincial disparities in Pupil-Teacher Ratios (PTR).
The reality is war has deeply compromised the education system and we at Teach for Afghanistan Organization believe in collective approach to revive it.
We believe that the root of this crisis in education lies in the crisis of leadership. The fact is that teachers alone can’t solve this problem, we need all the stakeholders together in this belief of excellent education. The principal, community leaders, politicians, school leaders among others, all of us need to work together for bringing in excellent education in Afghanistan.
– School Principal, Nangarhar Province
– GIRL STUDENT, PARWAN PROVINCE